Romania

Romania - general data

Nation: Romania

Capital city: Bucharest

Geographic position: in the south-east of Central Europe. Neighbours: Ukraine (N), the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, and the Black Sea (E), Bulgaria (S), Serbia (SW), and Hungary (W).

Population: ca. 21,700,000. Outside the country's borders there are large Romanian communities.

Official language: Romanian (a neo-Latin language of the Romance languages family)

Ethnic structure: Romanians – 89.5%; Hungarians (including Szecklers) – 6.5%; other ethnic groups – 4%

Religion: Eastern Orthodox - 86.7%; Roman-Catholic - 4.7%; Protestant - 3.2%, etc.

Administrative organization: 41 counties, plus Bucharest, the capital city (population ca. 2,200,000). There are 263 cities and towns, of which 80 municipalities, and 2 685 communes with over 13 285 villages.

Climate: temperate-continental, four seasons

Features: mountains (31% of area), hills and plateaus (33%), plains (36%), Danube Delta

The Romanian State:  

  • Romania is a sovereign and independent, unitary and indivisible nation state;
  • Form of government: republic;
  • Romania is a democratic and social state ruled by the law;
  • The state is organized according to the principle of separation and balance of the powers – the Legislative, the Executive and the Judiciary – in the framework of constitutional democracy, guaranteed by political pluralism.

The President of Romania represents the Romanian state and guarantees the national independence, unity and territorial integrity of the country (5-year term). 

The Legislative: The Parliament of Romania (4-year term) has two houses: the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.

The Executive: The Government of Romania, headed by the Prime Minister, entrusted by the President of Romania with forming the Cabinet and with the Governance Program endorsed by Parliament by a vote of confidence.

The Judiciary: independence guaranteed by the Superior Council of the Magistracy; judges are irremovable.

Romania is a member of the UN (1955), of NATO (2004) and of the European Union (2007).

Focus

The message of Minister for European Affairs George Ciamba at the end of the Romanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union

06/28/19

“Presiding over the Council was the maturity test for Romania and a means to reconfirm its attachment to the European project” – George Ciamba We are preparing to hand over the Presidency of the EU Council after six intense months,…

Harnessing the power of innovation to prevent and address crises” exhibit organized in Brussels by the Romanian Presidency of the Council of the

06/14/19

Between 11-14 June 2019, the Romanian Presidency of the Council of the EU together with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) organized in Brussels, in the Council of the EU, an interactive exhibit that showcases how innovation enhances the…